Field studies on the rust resistance of oat varieties

by M. N. Levine

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington

Written in English
Published: Pages: 36 Downloads: 458
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Subjects:

  • Oats -- Varieties.,
  • Oats -- Disease and pest resistance.

Edition Notes

Statementby M.N. Levine, E.C. Starkman, and T.R. Stanton.
SeriesTechnical bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 143, Technical bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 143.
ContributionsStarkman, E. C., Stanton, T. R. b. 1885., United States. Dept. of Agriculture.
The Physical Object
Pagination36 p. :
Number of Pages36
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23002571M

This book contains a series of regional studies focusing on oats used as fodder rather than grain. Oats are well adapted to areas of mild winters or cold climates with short growing seasons; their use is also expanding rapidly as a winter soil cover in subtropical South America. Oats have become very popular among smallscale farmers in Pakistan and surrounding areas, for dairy production and. Abstract. Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pits, by-products of date fruit processing industries, can provide many essential nutrients and potential health benefits to the human chemical composition of date pits includes dietary fiber, fat, protein, minerals, sugar, antioxidants, and phytosterols. Nutritional and medicinal activities of date pits are related to their chemical composition. Oat crown rust, caused by the fungus Pucinnia coronata f. sp. avenae, is a devastating disease that impacts worldwide oat production. For much of its life cycle, P. coronata f. sp. avenae is dikaryotic, with two separate haploid nuclei that may vary in virulence genotype, highlighting the importance of understanding haplotype diversity in this species. We generated highly contiguous de novo. The research studies has depicted that these lines could control WM larvae from 58 to % (Lamb et al. ).The development of antibiosis is another way to control WM and resistance in spring wheat is linked with the production of phenolic compounds from seeds which might destroy the WM (Ding et al. ).In the same way, use of selection Author: Atif Kamran, Muhammad Asif, Syed Bilal Hussain, Mukhtar Ahmad, Arvind Hirani.

Screening for partial resistance to an isolate of crown rust (puccinia coronata f. Sp. Avenae) race in oat cultivars and breeding lines. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 16 . Oat varieties usually have a lower ability to produce tillers than do barley varieties (Stoskopf, ). Of the cereals, barley and oat have the poorest resistance to lodging (Stoskopf, ). Growing requirements: Oat shows moderate resistance to cold (Madson, ). Winter forms of.   The wheat gene Lr34 encodes an ABCG‐type transporter which provides durable resistance against multiple 34 is functional as a transgene in barley, but its mode of action has remained largely unknown both in wheat and barley. Here we studied gene expression in uninfected barley lines transgenic for LrGenes from multiple defense pathways contributing to basal and Cited by:   Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences: Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance presents a critical review of the development of resistant varieties of plant to pests and diseases. It discusses the economic impact of pests and diseases; the methods of controlling these pests and diseases; and the challenges being faced by a plant Book Edition: 1.

  The guide provides variety 12 Feb The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development's Oat Variety Guide provides a comparison of grain yield, grain quality, hay yield, hay quality, herbicide tolerance and disease resistance . Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally. It was one of the first cultivated grains, particularly in Eurasia as early as 10, years ago. Barley has been used as animal fodder, as a source of fermentable material for beer and certain distilled beverages, and as a component of various health : Poaceae. Urmil developed and validated closely linked markers for more than 20 rust resistance genes to facilitate marker-assisted pyramiding in order to achieve durable control of rust diseases in wheat. These marker-tagged sources of rust resistance are being used by wheat breeders worldwide.  Urmil has mentored 29 and Ph.D. students and Seed up and down the length of your field, then seed side-to-side = across the width of your field. Seeding from 2 directions gives the most even distribution of seed. If necessary you can mix live seed with a dead = inert filler to give you more volume for accurate dispersal.

Field studies on the rust resistance of oat varieties by M. N. Levine Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Field studies on the rust resistance of oat varieties. [M N Levine; E C Starkman; T R Stanton; United States. Department of Agriculture.]. A uniform nursery experiment was initiated in to determine under field conditions in different parts of the United States and eastern Canada the relative resistance of oat varieties to stem rust (Puccinia graminis avenae), and the distribution of physiological forms of the fungus in each place.

From onwards similar observations were also made on crown rust (P. coronata avenae) [ by: 2. The Vb allele imparts both susceptibility to H.

victoriae and resistance to several races of oat crown rust (Puccinia coronata var. 'avenae', Fraser and E. Led.). Available field resistance to. In Proceedings of the Second Cereal Rust Conference, pp. Federal Department of Agriculture and Research Council of Canada.

With E. Lambert and H. Flor. Varietal resistance of spring wheats to Tilletia levis. In Minnesota Studies in Plant Science, Studies in the Biological Sciences, vol. 5, pp. The oat (Avena sativa), sometimes called the common oat, is a species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name (usually in the plural, unlike other cereals and pseudocereals).While oats are suitable for human consumption as oatmeal and oat milk, one of the most common uses is as livestock feed.

Oats are a nutrient-rich food associated with lower blood cholesterol Clade: Tracheophytes. Puccinia coronata is a plant pathogen and causal agent of oat and barley crown rust. The pathogen occurs worldwide, infecting both wild and cultivated oats.

The main goal of the researchers is to not only confer resistance to crown rust, but also to develop oat varieties with additional desirable traits such as high yield and drought : Pucciniaceae. Two oat varieties, Rodeo and Chaps, were released in Both varieties have high yield potential.

A third oat variety, Blaze, was released in Blaze also has quite high yield potential combined with good test weight, excellent BYDV tolerance, and good crown rust resistance. Another oat variety, Spurs, was released in A single cycle of selection for partial resistance to crown rust was performed.

The initial (C0) and selected (C1) generations were evaluated in a field experiment in and at two Iowa. The hexaploid wild oats A. sterilis (Fig. ) is the source of most of the crown rust resistance genes in current oat cultivars (Chong and Zegeye ) and has also been used in studies to incorporate higher protein and oil levels (e.g., Ohm and PetersonThro and Frey ).

Abstract. Oat (Avena sativa L.) productivity is affected by crown rust (Puccinia coronata f. avenae) and stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. avenae) l of these diseases has been through the use of host resistance genes, but frequent changes in pathogen virulence provide a continuing threat to oat production.

Disease resistance studies. The degree of infection in genotypes carrying known leaf and stem rust resistance genes was investigated in artificially inoculated nurseries.

We found that in the resistance genes Lr9, Lr19, Lr24, Lr25, Lr29, and Lr35 gave complete protection against leaf rust. Crown rust resistance has thus become a breeding target for the ARS-Aberdeen oat enhancement program.

Since crown rust resistance was previously not a high priority, we began by assessing the crown rust resistance of cultivars previously released from. R.F. Park, in Reference Module in Food Science, Stripe Rust.

Stripe rust (also known as yellow rust), caused by P. striiformis f. tritici (Pst), is a very destructive disease of wheat globally, having been reported from more than 60 countries and on all continents except pathogen infects leaves and leaf sheaths and can cause severe infection of glumes (hence the former.

Management of oat crown rust disease with host resistance is challenging because major gene resistance is generally short lived.

Partially resistant oat cultivars could benefit oat growers by providing more durable resistance. The objective of this study was to validate and discover quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting crown rust resistance in the partially resistant oat line MN Cited by: Agronomic traits and disease resistance _11 Value of field demonstrations _____12 Where to find a certified seed grower ___14 Certified seed _____ 14 Plant breeders rights (PBR) _____ 14 The decision to grown a new oat variety __ 14 Agronomic practices for enhancing yield and quality of oat_____   His work involves a combination of field studies, theoretical and computer simulation research, and molecular marker analysis.

He is the primary author of more than 50 peer-reviewed publications and of a book, Breeding for Quantitative Traits in Plants, that has been widely adopted as a text in plant breeding graduate courses. The US has been a net importer of oat grain since At the same time there are a number of crop production problems in the Upper Midwest that are exacerbated by very short rotations.

Oat is a very good break crop for causal pests and thus it may be possible to address both problems by including oat more often in the cropping systems. The ultimate purpose of this project is to develop oat.

Both seedlings and adult plants of several varieties revealed a lower IT at standard temperature compared to the low temperature regime.

These results were similar to previous studies of resistance to yellow rust, where wheat varieties showed a reduced susceptibility at higher temperature regimes [11,18]. The increased susceptibility at low Author: Julian Rodriguez-Algaba, Chris K.

Sørensen, Rodrigo Labouriau, Annemarie F. Justesen, Mogens S. Hovm. Oat production, like other crops, requires nitrogen (N) fertilizer and other nutrients for maximizing yields. However, pushing N rates too high with oats may actually reduce profitability and quality.

Research shows that higher rates of N are generally not economical. “We’ve conducted a number of studies over the past 15 years researching oat production and 90 percent of the time an.

situation with crown rust of oats. The oat varieties Santa Fe, Bondvic, Clintafe, and Clintland were uniformly highly resistant at both and 77 at all stages of growth. The variety Landhafer was highly resistant at 59, but at this resistance broke downAuthor: R. Trullinger.

A great deal of germplasm was tested in detailed greenhouse seedling tests and adult plant field tests to identify potentially new sources of rust resistance This material included Argentinean wheat germplasm, 70 Chinese wheat varieties and landraces, a group of Kazakh and Siberian spring wheats, a collection of Iranian landraces, 46 wheat.

Peturson, B. () Adult plant resistance of some oat varieties to physiologic races of crown rust. Canadian Journal of Research Section C, 22, –9. Google ScholarCited by: 6. The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

Field experiments Oats Southern States. Greenhouse experiments on the rust resistance of oat varieties / View Metadata. By: Parker, John H. (John Huntington). VEGETATIVE VIGOR OF THE HOST AS A FACTOR INFLUENCING SUSCEPTIBILITY AND RESISTANCE TO CERTAIN RUST DISEASES OF THE HIGHER PLANTS II M.

RAINES (Received for publication J ) FURTHER FIELD STUDIES AND EXPERIMENTS The Rust History of Plots of Cereals Sown at Successive Intervals through the Summer To test the susceptibility to rust of. A plastic covered frame for 78 establishing rust infected plants, transplanted from the subtropical station at Grafton, and designed to spread rust and determine rust resistant plants; Inspection of individual oat plantsFigure Non-stress growing environment Fulghum x Garry (female parent of 79 the High-vigour cross showing) showing its.

Please Do Not Cite The Oat Newsletter in Published Bibliographies studies involved with disease resistance and end-use quality factors in wheat and oats. Perhaps, his main interest has been working with wild have been evaluated for crown rust resistance at Iowa State.

This work has been suspended since Marr Simons'retirement. in to. Diseases of wheat, barley and oat impact the yield and quality of small grains in the Upper Midwest. This project aims to improve the resistance of these crops to disease and develop effective control practices for the residue and soilborne diseases of small grains.

The epidemiological studies undertaken in this project will improve our understanding of the impact of changes in crop varieties. Brown rust caused by Puccinia melanocephala Sydow & P.

Sydow and orange rust caused by P. kuehnii (W. Krüger) EJ Butler are economically important diseases of sugarcane in Florida. Durable resistance to rust has been difficult to obtain.

The purpose of this research is to determine the frequency of rust resistant progeny from self-crosses of parental clones that have different rust reactions.

The rust fungi are among the most widely spread of plant pathogens and cause important diseases on many angiosperm and gymnosperm trees, and cereal and legume crops to name just a few major plant classes afflicted by rusts [].Rust fungi are obligate parasites that require a living host to complete the life cycle, and biotrophs due to their method of extracting nutrients from living host cells [].Cited by: Archived Publications.

Applied Turfgrass Science (–) Crop Management (–) Forage & Grazinglands (–) Journal of Production Agriculture (–). A plastic covered frame for establishing rust infected plants, transplanted from the subtropical station at Grafton, and designed to spread rust and determine rust resistant plants; Inspection of individual oat plants 78 Figure Non-stress growing environment Fulghum x Garry (female parent of the High-vigour cross showing) showing its strong.Oat varieties grown under various light and temperature conditions produced different numbers of head bearing tillers.

All of the varieties tested needed more than 12 hours of continuous photoperiod to produce heads within 90 days. Plants grown at 58° F.

did not head as rapidly as those grown at 70° F.This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.